OPCAT

The Optional Protocol to the UN Convention against Torture (OPCAT) is an international human rights treaty which assists States in preventing torture and other forms of ill-treatment in places of detention.

Ireland signed OPCAT in October 2007, but almost a decade on it is yet to ratify it.

The Optional Protocol (OPCAT) was agreed by the UN General Assembly in 2002, introducing a combined system of national and international monitoring of places of detention with a view to preventing ill-treatment.

Places of detention are not limited to prisons. OPCAT applies to anywhere where people are deprived of their liberty. Examples of places of detention include, but are not limited to:

  • Psychiatric units;
  • Juvenile detention centres;
  • Immigration detention centres;
  • Pre-trial detention facilities;
  • Garda stations.

Accountability in places of detention is crucial. Monitoring and inspection, along with an effective independent complaints mechanism for detainees, are central to the protection of human rights and form part of Ireland’s obligations under international law.

The aim of OPCAT is to strengthen the protection of persons deprived of their liberty. IPRT supports this goal and believes that independent monitoring under OPCAT will serve to strengthen a culture of human rights within Irish detention facilities.

For more information on OPCAT, click here.

Law Seminar: Detention, Human Rights and the OPCAT 12th November 2018 YouTube

The Irish Penal Reform Trust and the Irish Criminal Bar Association co-hosted a seminar on 'Detention, Human Rights and the OPCAT' on Monday 12th November 2018 in the Ormond Meeting Rooms. Read more

Statement of Principles on Legislation to Ratify the OPCAT 12th November 2018

This document outlines the minimum legislative requirements for any legislation intended to ratify the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture. Read more

OpEd: Ireland has not ratified a protocol to prevent torture in places of detention 8th August 2018

An OpEd by IPRT Executive Director Deirdre Malone in The Irish Times discusses Ireland’s failure to ratify OPCAT. Read more

Press Release: Ratification of torture prevention treaty will bolster Ireland’s position on international stage 6th July 2018

IPRT welcomes the commitment made by the Minister for Justice and Equality today (5 July) that legislation to ratify the ‘OPCAT’ will be introduced in 2018. Read more

Report on Penal Reform and Sentencing 10th May 2018

Many of the issues raised by IPRT during our hearing before the Committee are included in the Joint Committee on Justice and Equality report on Penal Reform and Sentencing. Read more

Press Release: IPRT welcomes the appointment of new Inspector of Prisons 4th April 2018

Patricia Gilheaney has been announced as the new Inspector of Prisons, effective from 7 May 2018. Read more

Immigration Detention: Nasc Report Reveals Flaws in Ireland's Immigration System 13th March 2018

Nasc has launched a new report on Tuesday 13th March 2018, ahead of plans for a new immigration detention centre in Dublin Airport. Read more

Oireachtas Seminar: PIPS and OPCAT 13th December 2017

Senator Ivana Bacik hosted IPRT for an All Party Penal Reform Group Briefing Seminar Wednesday 13th December 2017. Read more

UN Committee against Torture publishes Concluding Observations on Ireland 11th August 2017

IPRT welcomes the Concluding Observations released by the UN Committee against Torture on Ireland's second periodic review under the UN Convention against Torture. Read more

UNCAT: Summary record of second periodic review of Ireland 7th August 2017

A record of Ireland's hearing under the UNCAT, which took place in Palais Wilson, Geneva on Thurs 27 July and Fri 28 July 2017. Read more

Press Release: UN Torture Committee puts tough questions on prison issues to Irish Government 27th July 2017

The UN Committee on Torture questions Ireland about its efforts to ensure that the rights of everyone in the penal system are respected and on progress on various issues of concern. Read more

IPRT Submission to the UNCAT in advance of the Second Periodic Review of Ireland 24th July 2017

IPRT made a Submission to the United Nations Committee against Torture in advance of the Second Periodic Review of Ireland under the United Nations Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment in June 2017. Read more

The Irish Examiner: UN body told of failings in the oversight of Irish prisons 21st July 2017

An article by Cormac O’Keeffe in The Irish Examiner on how the United Nations Committee against Torture (UNCAT) has been told of failings in oversight, in the investigation of complaints, of ill treatment and of concerns about prison healthcare in Irish prisons. Read more

The Irish Times: '421 people committed to prison in 2016 on immigration-related issues' 20th July 2017

Article by Kitty Holland on holding immigration detainees alongside sentenced prisoners. Read more

Irish Human Rights and Equality Commission (IHREC) Publish Report Ahead of 2nd Periodic UNCAT Review 18th July 2017

IPRT welcomes the publication of IHREC’s report in advance of the 2nd periodic review of UNCAT Ireland and the Convention against Torture. The IHREC report highlights the need for the State to ratify OPCAT which would provide a clear ‘roadmap’ and timeline for the implementation of OPCAT. Ireland signed the… Read more

viewed here