Reintegration of Offenders

IPRT promotes rehabilitation and social integration as central concerns of Irish penal policy.

Incarceration often damages the prisoner’s social functioning, therefore contributing to his or her return to offending following release. Studies have shown that imprisonment has a damaging effect on the mental health of the prisoners, and can impair the ability to function in the outside world; prisoners can become institutionalised and therefore unable to live outside of the prison environment.

Imprisonment also carries with it profound negative social impacts on the prisoner’s family and on his or her community, and often the consequences of even a short period of imprisonment are permanent for both the prisoner and those close to him. Research has shown that those communities to which most ex-prisoners return are those characterised by high levels of deprivation and least able to cope with their re-entry. IPRT believes that imprisonment can exacerbate such difficulties within such communities.

In this context, IPRT believes that appropriate preparation for release and post-release support play an important role in the successful return of former prisoners to their families, communities and the wider society. Two elements should always be considered: preparation during the course of the sentence (‘sentence-planning’) and coordinated support post-release. Preparation for release while still in prison should consider not only equipping prisoners with essential skills (such as work skills), but should also include making connections with the prisoner’s family and/or community outside of the prison environment, for example through the use of periods of temporary release.

IPRT believes that post-release support is crucial in the successful re-integration, and should link the former prisoner not only with potential employment opportunities but also with appropriate services in the community, for example with mental health services or substance abuse support groups. It should also consider support for prisoners’ families.

Irish Penal Reform Trust welcomes increase in use of community service as a response to offending 17th June 2019

RELEASE: Although the rise in the number of offenders being dealt with through the Probation Service is welcome, IPRT is concerned at the fall in numbers participating in the Community Return Programme. Read more

Parole and Temporary Release in Ireland: An overview 4th June 2019

Want to know more about how parole works? We have compiled a brief overview of the purpose of parole and temporary release, as well as some recent figures on the use of parole in Ireland. Read more

UK: Increased temporary release of prisoners leads to reduced reoffending 31st May 2019

Results from a study published by the Ministry of Justice suggest that increased use of release on temporary license before release from prison is associated with reduced offending on release. Read more

RESCALED: Movement for small scale detention 14th May 2019

RESCALED, launched in April 2019, advocates for a small-scale, differentiated approach to prisons, with community integration at its core. Read more

IPRT Submission to the Irish Human Rights & Equality Commission Consultation on Strategy Statement 2019-2021 8th October 2018

In this submission, IPRT outlines the need for the extension of the current grounds for protection against discrimination and the addition of a ‘social origin’ and/or ‘socio-economic status’ ground. Read more

Parole Board Annual Report 2017 4th October 2018

The Minister for Justice and Equality, Charlie Flanagan TD, has published the Parole Board Annual Report for 2017. Read more

Evaluation of three J-ARC pilot projects 25th September 2018

An evaluation of three Joint Agency Response to Crime pilot projects was published today at a National Conference of the Joint Agency Response to Crime (J-ARC). Read more

Social enterprise café to employ ex-offenders 29th August 2018

The Irish Prison Service is conducting a market sounding exercise in order to assess the level of interest and engagement from suitable operators for a proposed café facility in Dublin. Read more

UK: Employment and benefits outcomes of prison education 16th July 2018

Using data from the Ministry of Justice, Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs and the Department for Work and Pensions, the Justice Data Lab have produced a report assessing the employment and benefits outcomes for offenders who received grants for distance learning in prison. Read more

IPS Examination of the Sentence Management of people serving Life Sentences 8th May 2018

A report examining the sentence management of life-sentenced prisoners has been published by the Irish Prison Service. Read more

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