IPRT - Irish Penal Reform Trust

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Youth Justice

Artane Industrial School

In accordance with international human rights standards, and in particular in line with the provisions of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, custody for children should only be used as a last resort and for the minimum required period of time. International law stipulates that all efforts should be made to apply alternatives to detention to ensure that such a measure is only used in exceptional circumstances.

In Ireland, the Children Act 2001 recognizes the principle of detention as a last resort. The Act prohibits the imprisonment of children and the Criminal Justice Act 2006 amends the 2001 Act to make provision for all children less than 18 years of age to be detained in Children Detention Schools under the auspices of the Department of Justice, Equality and Law Reform. In 2007, responsibility for existing Children Detention Schools was transferred to the Irish Youth Justice Service, which, in turn, transferred to the Department of Children and Youth Affairs at the end of 2011.

A vital part of  IPRT's work has been to remove children over 16 years from St Patrick’s Institution, part of the prison system. The practice of detention of boys between 16 and 18 years of age in St. Patrick’s institution has been criticised by national and international organisations on a continuous basis.

In 2012, following years of sustained advocacy by many organisations, including IPRT, along with national and international bodies, the detention of boys aged under 17 at St Patrick's Insitution ended, with a commitment to end the detention of 17 year old boys in the prison by 2014.

We continue to work towards the change in this policy, and continue to engage in wider policy and practice issues relating to youth justice, such as provision of alternatives to detention, diversion and early intervention programs.

Children's Rights Behind Bars: Report 11th December 2014

Children’s Rights Behind Bars is a collaboration between 16 European and International organisations. Its goal is to increase the respect of human rights of children deprived of liberty and improve the implementation of international juvenile justice standards to protect the rights and needs of incarcerated children. Read more

Catch22 Report; 'Gangs in prison' 19th November 2014

A report launched by Catch22 highlighting the issues of 'Gangs in Prison' in the UK. Read more

Ombudsman for Children's Office publish report on Children in Care 4th March 2014

A report by the Ombudsman for Children's Office provides an overview and analysis of the repetitive issues and their root causes regarding the provision of services for children in care. Read more

IYJS: 'Tackling Youth Crime' Youth Justice Action Plan 2014-2018 published 3rd February 2014

The Irish Youth Justice Service has published its action plan 'Tackling Youth Crime – Youth Justice Action Plan, 2014-2018' as a successor to its 2008 'National Youth Justice Strategy' Read more

Irish Times: 'Young offenders have the same remission rights as adults' 20th January 2014

A 17 year-old applicant, held at the children's detention school in Oberstown, has successfully challenged the constitutionality of the state's failure to provide him the same level of remission as afforded to adult offenders and juveniles held at St. Patrick's institution. Read more

Report on effectiveness of Garda Youth Diversion Programme 2012 30th December 2013

The Department of Justice and Equality has published the 'Report of the Committee to monitor the effectiveness of the Garda Diversion Programme 2012'. The report records a drop in the number of children coming to the attention of the Gardaí for a sixth year in a row Read more

UK: 'Same Old…report from Young Minds and T2A finds failures in mental health provision for young offenders' 11th December 2013

UK youth organisations, The Transition to Adulthood Alliance (T2A) and Young Minds, have issued a stark report on the lack of provision of mental health services to young people at risk of or engaging in offending behaviour. The study included interviews of professionals, young people and other stake-holders at three… Read more

Fourth Inspection Report of the Children Detention School on Oberstown Campus 30th November 2013

Inspectors found the management and staff team on Oberstown Campus provided a good overall standard of care including education and healthcare. However, concerns were voiced over how offending behaviour was addressed and the use of protection rooms in Trinity House School, particularly their suitability for containing children. Read more

Probation Service: 'Drug and Alcohol misuse among young offenders on probation supervision in Ireland' 25th October 2013

The Probation Service has launched a new research report; “Drug and Alcohol Misuse among Young Offenders on Probation Supervision in Ireland”. This report presents the findings from a national survey undertaken by the Probation Service on young offenders. Read more

Construction at Oberstown a ‘momentous’ step towards ending imprisonment of children in Ireland 14th October 2013

MEDIA ADVISORY: The Irish Penal Reform Trust (IPRT) has hailed as ‘momentous’ the announcement today by Minister for Children, Frances Fitzgerald TD, that the construction of new national children detention facilities at Oberstown, Lusk, Co. Dublin has begun. Read more

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