US: 'Resolution, Reinvestment, and Realignment: Three Strategies for Changing Juvenile Justice'
21st September 2011
A new report from the Research and Evaluation Center at John Jay
College of Criminal Justice entitled Resolution, Reinvestment, and
Realignment: Three Strategies for Changing Juvenile Justice reviews the
most prominent juvenile correctional reform models from the past 40
years, and looks at whether the reforms represent a permanent shift in policy and practice,
or are a temporary reaction to tight budgets and low rates
of violent crime.
The report categorizes the reform models into three types:
- Resolution Models: Reforms are accomplished and maintained
with managerial action and state leadership. Examples: Massachusetts,
Missouri, and Utah.
- Reinvestment Models: Reforms are accomplished and maintained
using financial incentives to reduce the demand of local jurisdictions
for state-operated confinement institutions. Examples: Illinois, Ohio,
Pennsylvania, Texas, and Wisconsin.
- Realignment Models: Reforms are achieved and sustained by
reorganizing juvenile justice systems, reducing or eliminating
state-level confinement and replacing it with local services and
placement. Examples: California and Wayne County (Detroit), Michigan.
The authors acknowledge that any of the three
models can be effective, but they recommend realignment as the approach
most likely to be sustainable over time.