Irish Penal Reform Trust

The Facts

1. There are 4,209 people in prison custody in Ireland (28 Feb 2020).

1. There are 4,209 people in prison custody in Ireland (28 Feb 2020).

2. The rate of imprisonment in Ireland is approximately 84 per 100,000 of the general population (end of Feb 2020).

2. The rate of imprisonment in Ireland is approximately 84 per 100,000 of the general population (end of Feb 2020).

3. In 2018, the average cost of an “available, staffed prison space” was €73,802.

3. In 2018, the average cost of an “available, staffed prison space” was €73,802.

4. The overall daily average number of prisoners in custody in 2018 was 3,893 compared to 3,680 in 2017, an increase of 5.8%.

4. The overall daily average number of prisoners in custody in 2018 was 3,893 compared to 3,680 in 2017, an increase of 5.8%.

5. In 2018 there were 3,559 prisoners committed under sentence serving sentences of less than 12 months.

5. In 2018 there were 3,559 prisoners committed under sentence serving sentences of less than 12 months.

6. The majority of Irish prisoners have never sat a State exam and over half left school before the age of 15.

6. The majority of Irish prisoners have never sat a State exam and over half left school before the age of 15.

7. The average number of females in custody in 2018 was 165, a 14.6% increase on the 2017 average of 144.

7. The average number of females in custody in 2018 was 165, a 14.6% increase on the 2017 average of 144.

8. The daily average number of female offenders in custody rose by 29% in the ten year period between 2006 and 2016.

8. The daily average number of female offenders in custody rose by 29% in the ten year period between 2006 and 2016.

9. As of January 2020, there are 58 people in prison slopping out, without in-cell sanitation.

9. As of January 2020, there are 58 people in prison slopping out, without in-cell sanitation.

10. As of January 2020, 1,702 (43%) prisoners were required to use the toilet in the presence of another prisoner.

10. As of January 2020, 1,702 (43%) prisoners were required to use the toilet in the presence of another prisoner.

11. As of January 2020, 2,107 (53%) prisoners were accommodated in single cells.

11. As of January 2020, 2,107 (53%) prisoners were accommodated in single cells.

12. In 2018, there were 455 committals to prison for the non-payment of court-ordered fines, a 79.8% decrease on the 2017 figure of 2,261.

12. In 2018, there were 455 committals to prison for the non-payment of court-ordered fines, a 79.8% decrease on the 2017 figure of 2,261.

13. Committals under immigration decreased slightly to 414 in 2018, from 418 in 2017.

13. Committals under immigration decreased slightly to 414 in 2018, from 418 in 2017.

14. The number of sentenced committals for road and traffic offences decreased from 982 in 2017 to 619 in 2018.

14. The number of sentenced committals for road and traffic offences decreased from 982 in 2017 to 619 in 2018.

15. Prisoners are 23 times more likely to come from (and return to) a seriously deprived area, compared to the least deprived areas. (O'Donnell et al., 2007)

15. Prisoners are 23 times more likely to come from (and return to) a seriously deprived area, compared to the least deprived areas. (O'Donnell et al., 2007)

16. In January 2020, of 589 restricted regime prisoners: 36 were Rule 62; 552 were Rule 63 (voluntary); 19 were Rule 63 (involuntary); and 1 was Rule 64.

16. In January 2020, of 589 restricted regime prisoners: 36 were Rule 62; 552 were Rule 63 (voluntary); 19 were Rule 63 (involuntary); and 1 was Rule 64.

17. As of January 2020, 31 prisoners held on a restricted regime were aged 18-24.

17. As of January 2020, 31 prisoners held on a restricted regime were aged 18-24.

18. According to the January 2020 census of restricted regimes, there are 75 prisoners being held on 22+ hour lock-up.

18. According to the January 2020 census of restricted regimes, there are 75 prisoners being held on 22+ hour lock-up.

19. Committals under sentence of less than 3 months decreased from 2,704 in 2017 to 1,070 in 2018.

19. Committals under sentence of less than 3 months decreased from 2,704 in 2017 to 1,070 in 2018.

20. On 30 November 2018, 773 prisoners were on remand.

20. On 30 November 2018, 773 prisoners were on remand.

21. As of February 2020, there were 494 sentenced prisoners aged 50+.

21. As of February 2020, there were 494 sentenced prisoners aged 50+.

22. Over a third (34%) of all persons committed to prison in 2018 declared Dublin as their county of residence.

22. Over a third (34%) of all persons committed to prison in 2018 declared Dublin as their county of residence.

23. The number of people committed with a life sentence decreased from 22 in 2017 to 21 in 2018.

23. The number of people committed with a life sentence decreased from 22 in 2017 to 21 in 2018.

24. In 2011, over 70% of prisoners were unemployed on committal and a similar percentage self-report as not having any particular trade or occupation.

24. In 2011, over 70% of prisoners were unemployed on committal and a similar percentage self-report as not having any particular trade or occupation.

25. From 1996 to 2017, the numbers in custody increased by 78% (2,191 to 3,893).

25. From 1996 to 2017, the numbers in custody increased by 78% (2,191 to 3,893).

Respect for rights in the penal system with prison as a last resort.

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